What is adipocitolysis cavitation?
When acoustic waves, like ultrasound, interact with living material they produce atomic and molecular modifications which give rise to phenomena known as sonication, sonoluminescence and cavitation. Cavitation is a physical phenomenon which occurs in tissues containing liquids, when this is submitted to the action of pressure and rarefaction waves at very high speed which are generated by ultrasound. The ultrasound causes the formation of bubbles (cavities) inside the tissues, which then, also by the effect of the ultrasound waves, burst creating damage to the surrounding tissues. This phenomenon is used in medicine to produce controlled damage to tissues, (for example for the destruction of tumorous lesions which cannot be tackled surgically).
When does this treatment run?
Cavitation can be useful, therefore, to reduce the excess of localized adipose tissue (hips, thighs, buttocks, knees, abdomen, ankles, arms, double-chins, etc.), in order to improve the contour of the body, particularly of those cushions of fat that do not respond to traditional slimming methods. Low-frequency ultrasound (from 50 KHz to 3 MHz) acts on the tissue of the adipose interstice causing the formation of micro-bubbles inside the tissues which burst damaging the membranes of the adipose cells.
Adipocitolysis cavitation treatment
The limitation of the method lies in the fact that to obtain an efficient cavitation effect we need to work on tissues that are rich in water, and the adipose tissue normally does not contain a lot. Therefore, to improve the efficacy of the treatment, a preliminary infiltration treatment is necessary which enriches the tissues with water; so normally before proceeding with the cavitation we carry out an injective procedure with saline solution (ultrasonic hydrolipoclasia), or, even better, with a lipolytic solution like the type used in intralipotherapy cavitation.
The treatment does not require an anaesthetic; it is not painful and lasts about 20-30 minutes. The handset is run repeatedly over the area to be treated, in direct contact with the skin and creates only a slight warming sensation. Normally it is necessary to undergo a cycle of 4-6 sessions at 15 day intervals from one to the other. When the preliminary infiltration is carried out using lipolytic solutions for an intralipotherapy use, the time interval between the treatment sessions increases to 2 months. After each session it is advisable to undergo a lymph drainage massage. After the treatment there may be some slight swelling (particularly if a lot of liquid has been infiltrated).
Effects of adipocitolysis cavitation
Ultrasonic cavitation, especially when linked to intralipotherapy, is therefore an effective non-invasive method to achieve the progressive remodelling of the body contour and a reduction of localized adiposity. The fats that are mobilized by the treatment are initially metabolized by the liver and then eliminated by the kidneys, but some physical exercise in the days following the treatment is useful to help to metabolize the released fats. The entity of the result depends on various factors (the thickness of the panniculus, the state of hydration, the area treated, the elasticity of the dermis) and it is reduced in any case with respect to what can be achieved with a liposuction operation, but has the undeniable advantage of not being invasive, of the substantial absence of risks and the immediate return to daily activity.